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Security of Person

Human Rights

  • “Everyone has the right to freedom and security of the person, which includes the right— (a) not to be deprived of freedom arbitrarily or without just cause; (b) not to be detained without trial; (c) to be free from all forms of violence from either public or private sources; (d) not to be tortured in any way; and (e) not to be treated or punished in a cruel, inhuman or degrading way.” Constitution of South Africa, Bill of Rights, 12:1

  • “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized." Constitution of the United States of America, Amendment IV

Ensuring security of person of its citizens has often been cited as perhaps the most fundamental duty of governments . It includes protection from assaults on the integrity of the human person, including slavery, human trafficking, arbitrary arrest and detention, torture, and cruel or inhumane punishment. It also includes a right of safety, to be free from both public and private violence.  Acting reasonably to ensure public safety from violence and through prudent and sound public health measures are core responsibilities of all governments.

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